Pengertian Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Jenis-jenisnya

Pengertian Ilmu Pengetahuan

Pengertian Ilmu Pengetahuan – Ilmu Pengetahuan merupakan salah satu bidang penting yang di pelajari sedari duduk di bangku sekolah. Meskipun demikian, masih banyak masyarakat yang belum mengetahui pengertian Ilmu Pengetahuan secara umum. Guna memahami lebih tenang ilmu pengetahuan, simak pengertian dan jenis jenis ilmu pengetahuan berikut ini.

Mengenal Pengerti Ilmu Pengetahuan

Berdasarkan Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, ilmu pengetahuan adalah gabungan beberapa pengetahuan yang di susun secara logis dan bersistem dengan memperhitungkan sebab akibat. Ilmu pengetahuan juga di artikan sebagai proses mengamati, eksperimen, deskripsi, penyidikan, serta penjelasan teoritis mengenai sebuah fenomena.
Oleh karenanya, ilmu pengetahuan juga bisa di katakan sebagai sudut pandang atau buah pikiran seseorang yang telah memenuhi persyaratan dalam ilmu pengetahuan pada cabang ilmu tertentu.
Untuk memahami lebih lanjut tentang ilmu pengetahuan, ini pandangan beberapamengenai pengertian ilmu pengetahuan:

1. The Liang Gie

Ilmu adalah usaha manusia untuk memahami dunia dan sekelilingnya melalui tiga bidang, yakni pengetahuan ilmiah, persoalan ilmiah, dan penjelasan gaib.

2. Muhammad Hatta

Ilmu Pengetahuan adalah pengetahuan yang di susun secara sistematis atau teratur dan membahas tentang pekerjaan hukum umum, mempelajari sebab akibat dalam sebuah permasalahan yang muncul.

3. Karl Pearson

Ilmu adalah pengetahuan yang menggambarkan atau menerangkan secara komprehensif dan efektif

Pengertian Ilmu Pengetahuan

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4. Robert Ackerman

Ilmu adalah kajian tajam mengenai pendapat pendapat ilmiah dan perbandingan terhadap para meter yang di kembangkan dari sebuah gagasan tertentu yang bisa melalui studi atau latihan

Jenis Jenis Ilmu Pengetahuan

Ilmu Pengetahuan juga bisa di bagi menjadi beberapa jenis sesuai bidang yang di bahas. Di Indonesia, ada empat jenis ilmu pengetahuan yang umum di pelajari, yakni ilmu pengetahuan alam, sosial, budaya, dan agama , berikut penjelasan nya

1. Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

Ilmu pengetahuan alam adalah jenis yang mempelajari tentang alam , atau membahas sesuatu yang berdekatan dengan gejala gejala alam. Science juga di bagi menjadi tiga jenis, yakni sebagai produk, sebagai proses , dan sebagai sikap.

2. Ilmu Pengetahuan sosial

Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial adalah jenis ilmu pengetahuan yang membahas tentang keteraturan dan aturan mengenai hubungan manusia sebagai makhluk sosial. Adapun penerapannya menggunakan metode ilmiah yang tidak menjadi sepenuhnya adalah objektif.

3. Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Ilmu pengetahuan budaya adalah jenis ilmu pengetahuan yang mempelajari tentang kebudayaan dan kekayaannya. Tujuan dari cabang ilmu ini adalah memberikan pemahaman dan mencari makna manusiawi dan sebuah bentuk kebudayaan.

4. Ilmu Pengetahuan Agama

Ilmu pengetahuan agama adalah jenis ilmu pengetahuan yang mempelajari tentang ketuhanan. Nah, ilmu pengetahuan ini kemudian di bagi menjadi beberapa jenis yang mempelajari ketuhanan yang berbeda, seperti agama Islam, Kristen, Katolik, Hindu, dan masih banyak lagi.

21 Ways to Be Smart that You Need to Know and Apply!

21 Ways to Be Smart that You Need to Know and Apply!

21 Ways to Be Smart that You Need to Know and Apply! – How to Get Smart – As busy lives increase, it may be difficult for us to find time to sit down and really learn something new or add insight. Never mind reading the latest studies, when you finish a fairly light fiction book it can be delayed for quite a while. This can happen because of the responsibility for a task and also tend to play smartphones.

Even though reading books can make someone smarter. Not just reading books, but there are still many activities or ways to be smart. However, sometimes some people don’t know the right way to be smarter. For those of you who don’t know how to be smart, don’t worry.

This article will discuss more about how to be smart that you can apply in your daily life. So, watch this article to the end..

How to Be Smart for the Public

The following are ways to be smart that you can do at home or at an educational institution.

1. Read a lot

Reading a lot can certainly broaden your horizons. There are many opinions about what reading habits you should do, from reading newspapers every day (both print and online) to reading fiction or non-fiction books. In addition, reading activities do not have to be completed in one sitting (except for short articles), what is important is to always have time to read.

2. Utilize Online Time Wisely

Spending time surfing the internet doesn’t have to be spent on social media or by watching funny videos. It turns out that the internet can be an endless source of knowledge. There are insights that you can get online, such as taking online courses, creating a blog, learning something new through video tutorials, and so on.

3. Write What You Just Learned

Taking a few minutes every day to then write about what you just learned can make that knowledge easier and stick in your brain longer than just reading it. What’s more, if you write it by hand on paper, it can improve brain abilities.

This is because the motor nerves will then come to work and you will be more focused on what you write than writing it with a computer keyboard or touchscreen. Write by hand in about 7 minutes per day as an exercise to keep the brain sharpened.

4. Explain What You’ve Learned to Others

Albert Einstein once said: “If you can’t explain something simply, you don’t really understand it.” Apart from writing, one way to make it easier for you to understand something is to try to explain what you have learned to other people. If you can explain what you have learned simply, it means you understand what you have learned. In fact, you can share it without having to meet face to face or via social media.

5. Create a “Done List”

If you usually write a list or bucket list of things you want to achieve, then there’s nothing wrong with trying to make a list of things that you have actually achieved. The idea of ​​making a “done list” was then advocated by several well-known motivators, with the aim of building self-confidence and a feeling of happiness by looking back at what has been achieved, because these two things are an important part of intelligence.

6. Play games that sharpen the brain

Don’t just play trending mobile games, there’s nothing wrong with trying to play games that are not only recreational but also train the brain. Chess, sudoku, puzzles, scrabble are some examples. What’s more, now there are many brain-sharpening games that you can download to your smartphone.

7. Make friends with smart people

Instead of making you feel inferior, you should be grateful when you are surrounded by smart people. This is because by making friends with smart people, one becomes accustomed to the activities of these smart people. In fact, according to a study, the 5 closest people in your life have a huge influence on your attitude, habits, and intelligence. Besides that, having smart friends, you will also be more motivated to be more confident in talking to them, so that their insights will increase.

8. Trying New Things

When Steve Jobs was young, he studied calligraphy. After dropping out of school, the founder of Apple then had a lot of free time and decided to take a calligraphy course. Although it sounds strange, the design skills of this course actually had a major influence on the creation of the first Macintosh computer.

The point of this story is that you will not know what knowledge will be useful later. So, there’s nothing wrong with always trying new things, especially things that you like or things that are random.

9. Exercise

Moving actively will help improve your brain’s ability to remember, imagine, and then complete tasks in a more organized manner. It is not known for sure the relationship between brain activity and exercise. But there’s nothing wrong with regular exercise because it can increase blood flow to the brain

10. Consuming Nutritious Foods

Consumption of balanced nutritious foods, such as carbohydrates, vegetable and animal protein, healthy fats, vegetables. Don’t forget to eat fruit and drink 2 L of water per day. Consuming healthy, balanced foods can increase antioxidants in the body, so that the body’s cells can work optimally, including brain cells. Avoid consuming fast food, as well as those that contain too much salt and sugar.

11. Play Music

Another way to become a smart person is to play a musical instrument, for example like the piano, guitar, violin, and so on. Playing an instrument will also help improve your brain’s memory and ability to plan in a fun way.

12. Get Enough Sleep

How to be smart doesn’t oblige you to study all night, but instead adhere to bedtime so that your body can rest 7-8 hours a day. Adequate night’s sleep will also help improve brain power and improve mood. Intelligence is a complex thing for humans.

How to Be Smart Especially for School Children

Here are some ways to be smart that can be done for school children.

1. Prepare all materials before going to school

As a student whose main task is to study, also prepare the subject matter that will be discussed on that day the day before. You can also prepare it in advance. When the material is taught by the teacher, then you already have an idea and can ask questions about things you don’t understand.

2. Buying a Book to Serve as a Special Place to Take Notes

If you are the type of person who likes to mix subject notes in one book, then you should not do it. In other words, you are encouraged to separate notes between one subject and another. That way, it becomes easier for you to understand the subject being explained.

In fact, you also find it easier to repeat the subjects that have been taught. So, from now on, there’s nothing wrong with carrying more than one book. Apart from that, you can also give a small space in the book to fill in important notes. That way, the material that has been explained by the teacher becomes easier to remember.

3. Maximizing Stationery

If currently your writing tools only consist of pens and erasers, it’s time for you to buy additional writing tools such as highlighters as well as sticky notes and sticky notes. When there is a part that needs to be remembered more than any other part, then you can mark that part. Currently, there are tons of cute and cool stationery items that can be used to motivate learning.

4. Make illustrations on books

Pasting the inside of the book using stickers or decorating it with your own illustrations can certainly increase the enthusiasm for learning. In this way, you can also do it for subjects that are difficult for you to master. For example, in memorizing historical stories, you can describe the heroes and the various conditions they experienced. Meanwhile, in mathematics, you can draw pictures combined with formulas that will help you learn.

5. Read the Supplementary Reference Book

Remember that the knowledge you get at school is limited, so it needs to be supported by references from other books. Better yet, ask the teacher about books that can be read besides the required books from school. You will also get a new perspective as well as additional knowledge that complements the material from school.

6. Record Summary of Lessons Learned

Take note of what you learned at school that day, such as a verbal note from the teacher that you found important. Apart from aiming to repeat the things you have learned, recording a summary of the subject matter will then indirectly make you learn.

7. Always pay attention to the lesson

Compared to playing on a cellphone in class or making scribbles in a book, you should stay focused on paying attention to what the teacher is teaching. Even better, you postpone the desire to chat with friends and various other activities that will make you lose focus. This method is also mandatory for those of you who have little time to study at home.

8. Often ‘Uses’ Brain

This central organ needs to be constantly trained so that it remains sharp and functions properly. Do things that look simple, but are effective for maximizing brain work, such as by playing brain teaser games, reading books or any type, listening to the radio, participating in meaningful discussions, and then learning a foreign language.

9. Not Delaying Tasks and Homework

Do the assignments and homework given by the teacher without having to wait for the submission deadline. This can be one of your motivations to keep your spirits up when you get a task. Prioritize the additional work and set aside other busyness. After you finish your assignments and homework from school, you will have more free time to do other things.


From all the discussion above it can be said that it will be successful if you do it regularly. Not only done routinely, but also must be adjusted to the characteristics of the self. Besides that, you also shouldn’t give up because there’s nothing easy to turn yourself into smart.

Thus the discussion on how to be smart, I hope all the discussion above is useful for our site. If you want to find a book about the brain, then you can find it on our site

To support our site in adding insight, we always provide quality and original books so that we have #MoreWithReading information.

5 Secrets of Effective Learning Ways for You

5 Secrets of Effective Learning Ways for You

5 Secrets of Effective Learning Ways for You – When you are studying, have you ever been confused about how to study effectively? Actually, there are some tricks you can do, you know. How to?

Well, you know basically, everyone has the ability to learn. But unfortunately not everyone knows how to learn effectively.

For those of you who don’t know how to study effectively, don’t worry! In this article Tom will provide 5 Secrets of Effective Learning Methods that you should know. Keep reading this article until it’s finished!

5 Effective Ways to Study

1. Determine learning objectives or achievements

The first way you can do this is to determine your target goals or learning achievements. This method is an effective method when studying because this way you will get motivation to study.

Learning motivation is very important for every achievement. Therefore, to make your study effective, you need a target so that you have the motivation to achieve that target and keep learning.

2. Determine the right time to study

Have you heard the term practice makes perfect or can be interpreted as learning to make perfect. So, from these words we can conclude that to get perfect results we must keep learning. Get to know yourself and determine the right time to study.

Spend at least 10-20 minutes a day studying, it’s okay if there’s only a little to learn. This is better done than the overnight speeding method. But please remember, don’t forget to rest your brain too when studying, because basically something that is forced will not produce anything.

3. Study in a comfortable place

Place also affects a person’s learning ability, you know! A comfortable place will affect a person’s mood. When the place is very comfortable, your brain automatically accepts it well, the learning process runs smoothly. Vice versa, if the place you use to study is not comfortable, the brain will reject all incoming information. It’s useless, right?

So, to do effective study you should try to find a learning atmosphere that is comfortable for you.

4. Make a learning summary

Well, the next way to achieve effective learning is to make a learning summary. Write down the materials you have studied, it would be better if you wrote them using your own words. By making a learning summary, unconsciously you will also repeat and recall the material you have studied.

The more often you repeat learning material, the better your understanding of the material will be.

5. Do practice questions

The last effective way of learning is to do practice questions. After you learn the theories of a lesson, you have to do practice questions so you know how much you understand the material.

In addition to knowing your understanding of the learning material, by doing practice questions you can also remember and find out which points you don’t understand. So, you can learn it again after the practice questions are done.

So, those were 5 ways to study effectively for you. Find a way of learning that suits you so you don’t feel forced to learn. There are many effective learning methods in this world, but they all go back to each other. For example, there is someone who is comfortable studying alone, but there is also someone else who is comfortable studying in groups. So, we can conclude together that effective learning methods are different for each individual, yes.

For those of you who like to study in groups, try EF’s Free Demo Class. At EF you will be taught exciting English materials, of course. The teachers who teach are also professional teachers and use effective learning methods, so you won’t be bored if you study together at EF.

10 Tips for More Effective Study Time During Exams

10 Tips for More Effective Study Time During Exams

10 Tips for More Effective Study Time During Exams – Almost every day you spend an average of 6-8 hours studying. So, when exam season arrives, such as during PTS or PAS, you are ‘forced’ to study longer and as often as possible.

To repeat all the lessons that have been skipped. Of course it will be very ineffective if you spend all night preparing for the exam the next day. Better yet, try these seven simple tips to study effectively during this exam period!

1. Make a schedule of daily activities

Which of you likes to make ‘to do lists’ or daily to-do lists? This can help you to be more disciplined and productive, especially in studying. You can arrange your daily schedule precisely, if necessary, from waking up to going to sleep again, so that your activities are more organized. You can also specify, when you start studying, the duration/length of study time, what you want to learn, and the target. Try to schedule this daily activity to be carried out regularly and disciplined, so that it becomes a daily habit.

2. Study 30 minutes

A study from Kansas State University recommends giving specific time to study each subject. The reason is, in order to stay focused on one topic. Basically, our brains can only effectively absorb information during the first 15 minutes and the last 15 minutes of learning.

That is, everything you learn in the middle of that time is the easiest for you to forget quickly. Our brains are not always able to absorb many things at the same time. Therefore, you can use 30 minutes.

3. Create a priority scale

So that your study time can run more effectively, you can also make a priority scale. The trick, you sort the things you need to do from the most important. Well, this most important thing, means you have to do it first. For example, in learning to face a Mathematics test. You must have got the grid, what material/topics will be issued in the exam later, right? From here, you can sort it first, any material that you haven’t mastered to learn first. So, your preparation is much more stable, deh!

4. Pause

After 30 minutes you focus on studying, take a short break by doing other activities that refresh your memory. For example by reading a chapter of your favorite novel that you haven’t finished reading or singing two songs. Absorbing information half by half is easier to do than absorbing it all directly. So that you can maximize brain performance in the next 30 minutes, this short break is definitely very useful.

5. Set a timer when working on difficult assignments or questions

When facing a task deadline or a certain problem that is quite difficult, you must be busy confusing how to complete it in the remaining time available. Set a timer for 30 minutes for you to specifically do the assignments and questions. Remember, just focus on doing the task or question!

6. Set the time

Instead of all night you study one full subject, you should divide it into several parts at different times. For example, in the evening you spend only two hours, including breaks in between 30 minutes; and during the day you do the same. Take advantage of this time to provide other nutrients for your body by getting enough sleep, and eating nutritious foods.

7. Study at the study table

Indeed, sitting in bed with a folding table in your lap feels more comfortable. However, this ‘excessive’ comfort will actually confuse your focus when studying. Use your bed only to rest and take advantage of your study table. If you still choose to study in bed, it will take you a while to fight the comfort.

8. Understand the material, not memorize

You know, when we memorize material, it will be stored faster by the brain, but it’s also easier to forget it. Meanwhile, understanding the material might be much more difficult, but when you really understand, you will be much more proficient at various types of questions and be able to remember them for a long time. Therefore, when studying, use the time as effectively as possible to understand the material. If it’s difficult, you can invite your friend who is better at the material, or ask a private tutor.

9. Textbooks and notebooks

Studying while rewriting important points will also increase your absorption during the learning process. You can stick colorful sticky notes in your textbooks to make them more enthusiastic. Write it in a place that you often see.

10. Wise use of gadgets

The progress of the times has made you closer to gadgets, such as cell phones and laptops. Instead of only using it to play games and social media, it’s better to use your gadget for studying. One of them is by using online learning applications.

Good luck! If you can manage your study time effectively, don’t forget to maximize your learning as well. Through thousands of animated learning videos that can help you understand concepts/theories thoroughly and are assisted by thousands of practice questions!

I Want to Be a Doctor! What Now?

I Want to Be a Doctor! What Now?

I Want to Be a Doctor! What Now?

Questions to ask yourself

  • Do I enjoy serving others?
  • Do I enjoy being a student and learning?
  • Do I enjoy studying science?
  • Do I enjoy solving problems?
  • Do I enjoy working in leadership roles?
  • Do I enjoy working in a team?
  • Am I prepared to make short-term sacrifices to achieve long-term goals?

What are the major steps to becoming a doctor?

  • Graduate from high school with strong academics
  • Attend and finish college – 4 years
  • Earn a bachelor’s degree
  • Complete prerequisite courses for medical school
  • Take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)
  • Apply to medical school
  • Attend and finish medical school – 4 years
  • Complete a residency training program +/- fellowship training programs in your desired field – 3-7 years
  • Complete a fellowship in a subspecialty area 1-3 years

What are the residency/fellowship training programs? – Medical school prepares you to be a physician and gives you comprehensive, general medicine experience. After medical school you will need to apply and match to a residency program in which you learn your chosen medical specialty such as Family Medicine, Pediatrics, OB/GYN, General Surgery, Pediatrics, and more. There are 154 specialties and subspecialties! During this time, you are still learning of course, but you are a paid employee of the institution training you. Residency comes first, and the length of the program varies with specialty; the shortest are 3 years and the longest are 7 years. After your residency training, you may choose to further sub-specialize by completing fellowships usually lasting 1-3 additional years. At a minimum, you must complete a residency training program to become “board-certified” in any field of medicine.

What courses should I take in High School?

Medical schools do not require any specific high school courses. However, high school is a very important time to start developing analytical, problem solving, and communication skills. You should challenge yourself by taking:

  • As many science and math classes as possible
  • Any Advanced Placement classes available at your school
  • A speech course
  • A foreign language class (especially Spanish if you plan to stay in Texas)

What major should I have in college?

You can choose any major! There is no specific major for which medical schools are looking. You should pick something that you are really interested in studying for four years, whether it is science-related or not. Keep in mind, however, that whatever major you choose, you will be responsible for completing the required prerequisite courses for medical school. It is not recommended that you major in a specific health profession training program such as Physical Therapy or Nursing; these are professional programs that prepare you for a specific profession other than being a doctor.

What if I have advanced placement, international baccalaureate, or dual enrollment credit for medical school prerequisite courses?

First, be mindful that many students who have taken such courses do not have enough credit in any one subject to meet all requirements for medical school. You should be diligent in reviewing both your college degree plan and the required prerequisite courses for specific medical schools. If you do have credit for all required prerequisite courses in a particular subject prior to starting college, you should consider taking at least one additional course in that subject during college. Medical schools want to see how you can perform in these courses at the college level. Moreover, some students may feel they do not know the material very well, and may decide to retake some of the courses for which they have already received credit. This is up to you!

When do I need to decide that I want to go to medical school?

There is no official upper age limit to applying to medical school. Most people apply during or shortly after college, but people in their 30s and even 40s do as well. The most important aspect of when to apply to medical school is making sure you are ready to do so. With that being said, if you want to start medical school in the fall after you graduate from college, you would need to submit your application during the summer after your junior year of college. To do so comfortably, you would probably need to decide that you definitely want to apply to medical school sometime during your sophomore year of college. By this point, you still have plenty of time to take the necessary prerequisite courses and prepare for the MCAT. It is very important that you get in touch whatever pre-med advising faculty exists at your college as soon as you think you might want to go to medical school so they can help get you on the right track.

What can I do now to prepare for myself for medical school?

  • Develop good time management, study skills, work ethic, and attitude towards your education. You need to get very good grades in college if you want to go to medical school, and you need very good study skills to get good grades.
  • Learn to set aside a certain amount of time each day to study, even if you do not have to do so now.
  • Take notes in class and review your notes when you get home.
  • Practice studying early, rather than waiting until the night before the test.
  • “Shadow” a physician that you know i.e. ask to follow them around during their workday to see what the life of a doctor is actually like. Aside from a good academic record, demonstrating that you have some experience in a healthcare setting is one of the most important parts of a medical school application.
  • Volunteer in a hospital, clinic, or other healthcare facilities.
  • Set clear short- and long-term goals for yourself, and start figuring out how you can achieve them.

7 Tips to Help You Learn Computer Programming Faster

7 Tips to Help You Learn Computer Programming Faster

7 Tips to Help You Learn Computer Programming Faster

It seems like there’s always something new to learn in the world of computer programming. Regardless of where you are in your computer programming and coding education, going the extra mile will ensure you have all the knowledge you need to succeed. Check out these seven tips to help you learn how to become a computer programmer faster and more efficiently.


1. Focus on the Fundamentals

Think you don’t need to go over the basics? Think again. Like in any field, getting a good grasp of the fundamentals is critically important to achieving long-term success. The information you learn at the beginning of your programming education or coding bootcamp will allow you to grasp the logic of more complicated topics further along. If you don’t learn basic computer programming, you could fall behind in the future. So, even if the fundamentals seem boring or unimportant at first, you need to recognize how essential it is to learn them.


2. Learn to Ask for Help

Knowing when to ask for help is a skill you’ll need throughout the course of your life, not just in your coding career. The fact of the matter is, you aren’t going to know everything, especially when you’re just starting out. The fastest and easiest way to gain the skills you need to have for a successful coding career is to ask those who have the answers. After you try to figure out the answer to your question on your own, be sure to ask someone else. Whether you do it in person or online, speaking to your mentor or teacher and listening to what they have to say is critical when you are learning to become a computer programmer.


3. Put Your Knowledge into Action

If you really want to learn how to code, you need to do more than just read the book and take some notes — you need to put the information you’re learning into action. You might be surprised at how something you read can seem so simple until you try to do it for yourself. Therefore, you should actually start coding as you’re learning. That way, you put the information to use immediately. When you learn by doing, the information will be more likely to stick with you.


4. Learn How to Code by Hand

It might seem old school, but if you really want to succeed in computer programming, especially if you are seeking a coding career, learning to code by hand is one of the most important skills you can learn. First of all, it will make you a better coder because you’ll have to be more intentional — you won’t be able to run your code halfway through to see if it works. This results in an increased level of precision. But learning to code by hand doesn’t just improve your skills; it can also help you get a job and jumpstart your coding career. Employers looking to hire computer programmers often require applicants to take a coding test that involves coding by hand. Therefore, it’s essential that you acquire this skill.


5. Check out Helpful Online Coding Resources

These days, you can find countless sources of information on the internet on just about any topic. This information can be especially helpful when you are learning how to code. Whether you decide to sign up for a coding boot camp or simply want to check out free tutorials on YouTube or other streaming services, you can learn a lot about coding by just going online. One of the main benefits of learning this way is that you can find the answers you need in many different formats. Therefore, if one explanation doesn’t make sense to you, you can always find a different explanation elsewhere. Seeking out additional resources on becoming a computer programmer will help you take your coding career to the next level.


6. Know When to Step Away and Take a Break from Code Debugging

Debugging can be one of the most frustrating processes when you are learning how to code. After all, it can take hours to find a bug, and you can easily lose your sense of time when you are trying to fix the problem. This can lead you to feeling overwhelmed or stressed, so you need to learn when to step away from the bug and take a break. Try doing something you find enjoyable, like reading, cooking, or exercising. Taking this step will allow you to clear your mind enough to go back to the bug with a renewed sense of focus.


7. Do More Than Just Read Sample Code

When you get your hands on sample code, it’s easy to just read through it and think you have an understanding of what’s going on. But when you really want to become a computer programmer, you’re going to have to take this a step further. You should actually run the code and tinker with it to figure out how it truly works. This is a much more effective way to learn than simply reading through the code. Remember, being able to read the code isn’t the same as understanding it. To start a successful coding career, you need to cultivate a deep level of understanding, and playing around with sample code is a great way to do that.



Learning how to code is exciting and even a bit daunting at first. But when you choose the right coding boot camp or educational program and apply these tips, you’re going to get all the information and skills you need to start a prolific coding career. Remember that every coder struggles a bit when they’re first starting out, and you shouldn’t expect anything different from yourself. It’s simply part of the learning process. But if you stick to it, and you’ll learn these skills faster than you ever thought possible.

How to Train Your Voice: Benefits of Vocal Training

How to Train Your Voice: Benefits of Vocal Training

How to Train Your Voice: Benefits of Vocal Training

What Is Vocal Training?

Vocal training is the practice of training your vocal cords and learning breath control to improve the quality, range, and stamina of your singing voice. Voice training combines vocal exercises and warm-ups geared to enhance the sound of your singing voice while preventing vocal injury and strain.

Vocal training helps condition and strengthen the vocal cords, creating greater sounding pitch and better control.

3 Benefits of Vocal Training

Anyone interested in improving their singing voice (or public speaking voice) can benefit from vocal training. Here are a few of the benefits:

  1. 1. Better sound: Vocal training helps coordinate your larynx muscles, which helps even out your vocal tone and condition your throat muscles, improving the sound of your singing voice.
  2. 2. Increased stamina: Misusing your vocal cords may lead to damage over time, and early conditioning can help increase your vocal stamina. The more you train your voice, the longer you can use it without straining it. Learn how to handle vocal strain.
  3. 3. Voice control: Training your voice can improve your breath and tone control as you sing. The right vocal warm-ups and exercises strengthen the amount of control you have over your vocal cords, potentially expanding your range and command of different vocal techniques.

How to Train Your Voice

Follow these steps to learn how to train your voice correctly:

  1. 1. Warm-up properly. A vocal warm-up can help prepare your voice for singing (or even public speaking). Always warm up before performing or practicing singing to prevent injury and ensure the best vocal sound. Use a piano or music app to practice matching pitch, breathing, and mouth acoustics as you work through your vocal scales. Practice vowel sounds and watch the shape of your mouth as you say each of these letters. Keep your face relaxed as you project your voice.
  2. 2. Work on breath control. Vocalists can do many different breathing exercises to help breath control, specifically diaphragmatic breathing, which focuses on breathing through the diaphragm. Proper breathing techniques can help a singer control the vibration of their vocal folds and expand their lung capacity.
  3. 3. Find your vocal range. Vocal range is the scope of notes—from the lowest note to the highest note—that a vocalist can comfortably sing in their chest voice, which are the notes you can project from your chest. Different vocal ranges (also called vocal types) include soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, and bass. Finding your vocal range will help determine what kinds of songs you can sing comfortably.
  4. 4. Record your voice. Pick songs that fall within your most comfortable range, then record yourself singing them. Enunciate your words and work on your volume as you sing. Play the recording back and listen to your tone, cadence, and pitch. Listen to the song’s original recording, then listen to your recording as a comparison, noting any spots of weakness such as breath or tone. Take extra time to practice those areas.
  5. 5. Emote and enunciate. Singing with emotion and enunciating your words improves your singing voice and enhances your performance, allowing you to connect to the audience.
  6. 6. Sing confidently. Project your voice with confidence but accept that you may sing poorly at first. All good singing takes practice, but believing in yourself is the first step.

4 Tips for Training Your Voice Safely

Follow these tips from as you train your voice to prevent vocal injury or strain:

  1. 1. Maintain good posture. How you position your body as you sing affects airflow through your vocal cords. Keep your chest open and shoulders relaxed, with your neck and jaw in a neutral position. Slumping over can negatively affect the way your voice sounds.
  2. 2. Keep practice brief. Keep your practice sessions short but frequent (daily, if possible) to prevent your voice from overuse and strain. Make sure to rest your voice in between sessions. Over time, you can gradually increase the length of your training sessions.
  3. 3. Stay hydrated. Keep your voice healthy by drinking lubricating fluids like water or tea throughout the day. Avoid ice-cold drinks, milk, or other dairy food products that may cause mucus buildup in your voice and affect sound and control.
  4. 4. Work with a vocal coach. If you have access to voice lessons, consider investing in a voice teacher who can help take your singing to the next level. A voice coach can help you train your voice so that you can find your proper pitch and vocal range and potentially hit high notes.

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Communication, Between Skills and Competence

Communication, Between Skills and Competence

Communication, Between Skills and Competence – Talking about communication is certainly not something foreign to us. Communication is considered a natural ability in life, one can communicate without having to think too complicated. Although it is felt to be a natural possession, communication is not an ability that appears suddenly or is innate.

Communication skills arise because of learning and practicing activities. As can be seen in a toddler, they can communicate with others through the process of listening and then trying to repeat it until they become capable. Until now communication has become a basic need for someone to be able to interact with others in various forms.

In general, communication is a process of conveying information from one person to another and with communication interactions can be established with each other. Communication is a means for a person to be able to connect with the surrounding environment.

Along with the development of one’s interaction with other people, communication is carried out not only to be connected to each other but communication is also a means of conveying a message, idea, or thought result so that it can be understood and accepted by others. Harmonious understanding and acceptance between the messenger and the recipient of the message is a sign of successful communication.

In organizations and work, communication is one of the important things that must be mastered by organizational leaders and members or employees in it. Communication is considered very necessary in the decision-making process, for example when gathering ideas, communication can also help coordinate the achievement of work targets.

Communication that is formed between members and organizational leaders can also increase cooperation and collaboration. Communication is even considered to be able to increase work productivity, as well as save time and costs, of course, if communication is carried out effectively. That’s why it’s not surprising that communication is one of the managerial competencies needed in various types of positions, including for a State Civil Apparatus (ASN) as stipulated in Permenpan-RB Number 38 of 2017 concerning Competency Standards for State Civil Apparatus Positions.

Of course, we often communicate to convey messages to other people, be it friends, superiors, or anyone else. Communication feels easy to do, but is it the same way of conveying messages aimed at different people? Can sensitive messages be delivered in the same way as casual messages? From these questions it seems that communication is not entirely natural.

Communication needs to be done in a certain way that is designed according to its purpose. Facing various situations and conditions, communication is not just a means of connecting one person to another, but communication can play a role beyond that.

When communicating the most important thing is to make sure the message can be conveyed appropriately, regardless of the situation and condition being faced. This is where competence is needed to communicate the message well.

When the word competency is followed by the word communication, the discussion is centered on an ability to communicate in an appropriate and effective way in a given situation. Cooley & Roach (1984) defines communication competence as knowledge of effective and appropriate communication patterns and the ability to use and adapt this knowledge in various contexts.

It is often difficult to distinguish between communication as a competency or communication as a skill. Around us there are so many trainings that teach communication skills (Communication Skills Training) for example active listening, interpersonal communication, verbal and nonverbal communication, oral and written communication, presentations, assertive communication, and so on.

Communication skills or more often we call communication skills are popular and in great demand because they are considered to have a positive influence on achieving success. Then what about communication as a competency? Is a person skilled enough to be successful in communicating or must be competent to communicate?

In 1980 American professors named Brian Spitzberg and William Cupach developed a model of communication competence and stated that there were three things that became elements of the competency itself.

The first element is motivation, motivation explains the reason or purpose of someone communicating. For competent people, communication is carried out to achieve certain goals, not just conveying or receiving messages. Communication is carried out by paying attention to the situation and the direction of communication is appropriate and aligned with the goals set.

The second element is knowledge or understanding of what to do when communicating. For example, knowledge of formal and informal communication styles, use of verbal and nonverbal language/gestures, as well as other knowledge such as culture, values, and norms that influence the communication that will be carried out.

The third element is skill, namely the ability to demonstrate appropriate communication behavior as required. Communication skills are characterized by the ability to convey information in a simple, non-ambiguous way and listen to and perceive information appropriately.

Referring to the description, skills are one of the elements that make up competence. When associated with communication, communication skills are a specific skill as a result of learning to convey and receive messages effectively, while communication competence places more emphasis on how a person’s behavior in communicating is in accordance with their role so as to achieve the expected goals.

Competence determines how a person uses the skills they have to achieve success. Someone who is competent in communicating will be able to determine the appropriate pattern of communication in various situations and conditions and be able to adjust his actions accordingly.

In general, competency can be understood as how a person applies and uses the knowledge and skills possessed in line with the performance criteria needed to achieve goals and according to their role (Bartram, 2004) [3]. The cognitive element of competence includes knowledge about how to do something and understand why it needs to be done (Hargie, 2011).

Competence is not a skill even though the two are almost similar and coincide. Skills are learned whereas competence is an inherent quality in individuals that combines skills with knowledge. Someone who is skilled at communicating is likely to be seen both verbally and nonverbally when conveying a message, but may not necessarily be said to be competent at communicating when juxtaposed with the demands of his role.

Some of the criteria that indicate someone is competent in communicating based on The National Communication Association (NCA) are being able to convey ideas clearly, being able to communicate ethically, recognizing the right time to communicate, knowing the purpose of communicating, being able to select appropriate and effective communication media, demonstrating credibility. , able to identify and manage misunderstandings, able to manage conflicts, open to other people’s views, and listen to others attentively.

Communication competence involves an understanding of the context, scope, and framework for conveying messages. In simple terms, a person is said to be competent in communicating when he conveys a message by being aware of his capacity or position, understands the contents of the message associated with a specific purpose, and uses communication techniques skillfully by taking into account the characteristics of the other person.

Communication is something that is usually done in everyday life, almost all activities in work involve communication. Even though it is often done, communication competence does not necessarily increase. Communication competence has a very close relationship with communication skills because it is one of its constituent elements.

Thus one way to have good communication competence is to improve communication skills. Excited to learn and practice to become more competent in communication!

5 Types of Learning Methodologies that are Often Used

5 Types of Learning Methodologies that are Often Used

5 Types of Learning Methodologies that are Often Used – Learning methodology is a way of carrying out activities between educators and students when interacting in the learning process. Educators need to know and study teaching methods so that they can convey material and be well understood by students.

Before a lecturer uses a method in the learning process, a teacher must first know several factors that must be used as a basis for consideration in selecting a learning method, namely:

  • Guided by the Goals of Individual Differences of Students
  • Master’s ability
  • Nature of Learning Materials
  • Class Situation
  • Strengths and Weaknesses of the Method
  • Complete Facilities

Types of Learning Methods Often Used by Teachers
Teaching methods are practiced when teaching and are made as attractive as possible so that students gain knowledge effectively and efficiently. The following are teaching methods in the learning process:

1. Conventional Learning Methods / Lecture Methods

One type of learning method that is often used is the lecture method. That is, this method is applied by lecturing or conveying information orally to students. This method is the most practical and economical method, does not require a lot of tools.

This method can be used to overcome the scarcity of literature or information reference sources because the purchasing power of students is out of reach. However, this method also has some advantages and disadvantages.

a. Disadvantages of Conventional Learning Methods

The following are the disadvantages of the lecture learning method, namely:

  • Students become passive.
  • The learning process is boring and students are sleepy.
  • There is an element of compulsion to listen.
  • Students with a visual learning style will be bored and unable to receive information or knowledge, for children with an auditory learning style this may be quite interesting.
  • Evaluation of the learning process is difficult to control, because there are no clear achievement points.
  • The teaching process becomes verbalism or focuses on understanding words only.

b. Advantages of Conventional Learning Methods

Meanwhile, the advantages of the lecture learning method include:

  • Encourage students to be more focused.
  • The teacher can fully control the class.
  • Teachers can deliver a wide range of lessons.
  • Can be followed by a large number of students.
  • Easy to implement.

2. Question and Answer Learning Method

The Question and Answer method is a teaching method that allows for direct communication that is two-way traffic, because at the same time there is dialogue between the teacher and students. The teacher asks the students answer or the students ask the teacher answers. In this communication, there is a direct reciprocal relationship between the teacher and students.

a. The advantages of the Question and Answer Learning Method

Following are the advantages of the question and answer method, including:

  • Questions can attract and focus students’ attention.
  • Stimulating students to train and develop thinking power, including memory power.
  • Develop students’ courage and skills in answering and expressing opinions.

b. Weaknesses of the Question and Answer Learning Method

The following are the disadvantages of the question and answer method, including:

  • Students feel afraid if the teacher is not able to encourage students to be brave by creating an atmosphere that is not tense.
  • It is not easy to make questions that are appropriate to the level of thinking and easy for students to understand.
  • Often wastes a lot of time.
  • Lack of time to ask questions to all students.

3. Demonstration Learning Method

Demonstration and experiment methods are very effective teaching methods, because they help students to find answers on their own based on true facts. The demonstration in question is a teaching method that shows how the process of something happening.

The demonstration method is a fairly effective teaching method because it helps students to get answers by observing a particular process or event.

a. Advantages of Demonstration Learning Methods

Following are the advantages of the demonstration method, including:

  • Avoid verbalism.
  • Students more easily understand what is learned.
  • The teaching process is more interesting.
  • Students are stimulated to actively observe, adapt theory to reality and try to do it themselves.

b. Weaknesses of Demonstration Learning Methods

The following are the disadvantages of the demonstration method, including:

  • Requires special teacher skills.
  • Lack of facilities.
  • takes a long time.

4. Discussion Learning Method

The discussion method is a teaching method that is closely related to learning problem solving. This method is also usually done in groups or group discussions.

The Discussion Method takes the form of regularly exchanging information, opinions and elements of experience with the intention of obtaining the same, clearer and more thorough understanding of something or to prepare and finalize a joint decision.

a. Advantages of Conventional Learning Methods Discussion

Following are the advantages of the discussion method, including:

  • Stimulate the creativity of students in the form of ideas, ideas, crafts and new breakthroughs in problem solving.
  • Develop mutual respect for the opinions of others.
  • Widening knowledge.
  • Fostering the habit of deliberation in solving a problem.

b. Weaknesses of the Discussion Learning Method

The following are the disadvantages of the discussion method, including:

  • It takes a long time.
  • Cannot be used for large groups.
  • Participants receive limited information.
  • Mastered by people who like to talk or want to stand out.

5. Field Trip Learning Methods

A variety of learning methods that are often used is the field trip learning method. Field-trip method, field trip here means visits outside the classroom. So the field trip above does not take place far from school and does not require a long time. Field trips for a long time and in distant places are called study tours.

a. Advantages of Field Trip Learning Methods

Following are the advantages of the field trip method:

  • Have modern teaching principles by utilizing the real environment.
  • Make relevance between what is learned with the needs in society.
  • Stimulate student creativity.
  • Study material is broader and actual.

b. Weaknesses of Field Trip Learning Methods

The following are the weaknesses of the field trip method, including:

  • Lack of facilities.
  • Need careful planning.
  • Coordination is needed so that time does not overlap.
  • Ignoring the element of study.
  • Difficulty managing large numbers of students.

4 Steps to Success in Education and the Future

4 Steps to Success in Education and the Future

4 Steps to Success in Education and the Future – Want to be successful but still confused about how? This article is right for you because it provides the best steps for success in education and in the future. What are the steps? Let’s find out here!

In terms of achieving success, maybe many of you can relate to the memes above. Every time before going to sleep, you imagine the success that you want to achieve, but it’s not as fun when you think about having to try. Maybe it’s not that you don’t want to try, but you’re confused about what you should actually do.

So, if you are still confused, this article is perfect for you. Because, this time I will share four ways to be successful in education and in the future

Without further ado, let’s get started!

Learn How To Learn

Learning is indeed a very important process in life, especially if you want to have expertise in a certain field. From simple things like being able to walk to just running through the learning process.

Mahatma Gandhi also once gave advice to take advantage of the time you have to study because life is not forever. The advice he gave through the expression below.

So, to support your learning success, learning the right way of learning for you is also necessary, you know. This is what people often miss. I used to get dizzy thinking about the amount of material that needed to be studied but didn’t prepare for an effective and efficient way of learning. As a result, maybe after a few days I already forgot what I learned.

As reported on the page of The New Zealand Curriculum Update (2012), learning how to learn is very important so that a person does not depend on other people for learning. By knowing your best way of learning, you can proactively find the information and learning media you need.

There are various ways to learn on your own. You might want to try reading about self-learning models so that you get used to controlling yourself and your environment so you don’t hinder the learning process.

In addition, citing a report from Rasmussen University, students can study in four different ways. Can learn through visual media such as pictures and videos, through sound, direct experience, or the process of reading and writing. So, you can observe which way of learning is best for you.

If in your opinion one method is not stable, you can also combine several methods in your learning process. In the words of an American cognitive scientist, Marvin Misky, “You will not understand anything until you learn it in more than one way.”

Learning how to learn is also included in the framework of success. If you want to know more about the importance of how to learn, you can check out the cool video below.

Time Discipline

This time discipline is related to your time management. How do you divide your time and allocate it to study something or even work. So, if the time is set, what you do is be disciplined in fulfilling it.

How long is the effective study time? According to the Thoughtco report (2019), a good length of time for one study session is at least one hour. But it also depends on how much material you have to learn. If one hour is less, you can make several sessions by inserting breaks between each session.

Oh, but I’m a person who likes to procrastinate and if I study or work I don’t last long. Calm. You can really use the Pomodoro study technique, a technique for managing study time with a timer that is equipped with rest periods while at the same time strengthening your determination to study (Francesco Cirillo, 2018).

To know more about this technique, you can read this article entitled “Help Students Learn Effectively with the Pomodoro Technique – for Teachers”.

Not Afraid to Fail

As reported by Verywell Mind (2021), the fear of failure or atychiphobia, usually arises as a response to a situation or because of self-perfectionism.

Well, one sign of fear is an attitude that tends to avoid. So, that’s why if you’re afraid of failing to win, maybe you’ll choose not to take part in the competition at all.

In pursuing success, be it in the world of education or career, don’t let your fear frustrate your dreams. Even Jerome Polin, an Indonesian YouTuber who is included in the Forbes 30 Under 30 2021 list, has also experienced failure. Check out the article entitled Jerome Polin, Failure Becomes the Beginning of Success to know his story.

To overcome fear, you can increase your courage. According to a report from The Atlantic, you can increase your courage by focusing on what’s in the moment, and simulating something before you actually have to do it.

Purpose Driven Not Just Profit Driven

Purpose driven means that the drive you have to do something is your personal goal. Meanwhile, if it is profit driven, it is profit or money that gives you encouragement.

So, if we talk about the urge to do something, we will refer to what is called motivation. As reported by Verywell Mind (2020), if you still base what you do on the benefits that you can get from the outside world, such as money, it means that your motivation is not internal motivation but external motivation or rewards.

Well, according to research, intrinsic motivation can be a predictor for better quality work, you know. With intrinsic motivation, your spirit will be stronger because, as reported by Forbes (2018), having a purpose means you are ready to immerse yourself in that goal. From realizing that goal, you will get its own satisfaction.

So, those were the 4 steps to success that I can share. You can apply these four steps or methods both in the world of education or career so you can achieve success.

And, don’t forget to take action to apply everything you have learned and prepared because as Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe, a famous German writer said, “In the end, what is remembered from a learning process is only what is directly applied in practice.”